CARRIAGE CLOCK Paul Garnier Paris Ca. 1850 France
Signed: Paul Garnier Paris
The spring-driven brass movement is constructed between plates and consists of going and striking trains, as well as alarm. The going train has a platform lever escapement with hairspring balance and regulation. The striking indicates the hours fully and half hours with one stroke on a gong. It also has repetition. The maker has signed and numbered the movement on the backplate: Paul Garnier Paris 4541. The movement is wound from the back, where the alarm and the time can also be set.
The rectangular white enamel dial has two chapter rings. The top one is for the time indication and has Roman hour numerals with Arabic five-minute and minute divisions. The time is indicated by a pair of blued-steel hands. The subsidiary dial below is for the alarm and has Arabic hour numerals, the alarm time indicated by a blued-steel hand.
The beautiful elaborately engraved gorge case has bevelled glass panels on all sides, so that the movement is almost entirely visible. The top has also a glazed window through which the platform escapement can be seen. There is a repetition button at the front whilst the whole is surmounted by a shaped carrying handle. The door at the back gives access to the backplate with the winding arbors.
Duration 1 week
Height 16 cm. (including the handle)
Width 7.5 cm.
Depth 8.5 cm.
– Tardy, Dictionnaire des Horlogers Français, Paris, 1971, p. 246.
– C. Allix, Carriage clocks (E3), p. 54 ff.
– Antiquorum 14 nov. ’93 (G2), p. 348.
Paul Garnier was born in Epinal (in the Vosges) in November 1801. His family was very musical; his parents played the organ and were organ makers. In 1820 Paul went to Paris to go and work for the well-known firm of Lepine. In 1825 he founded his own business on Rue Taitbout. In 1827 he received a silver medal for an astronomical regulator which he showed at the Exhibition in Paris. As a result of the invention of a new escapement of a simple design which was easy to make, he found himself in a position to produce carriage clocks for a reasonable price. He was the maker who may not have invented the French carriage clock, but who standardised it, which led to the development of an enormous industry. Paul Garnier was a member of the Société des Horlogers and as such met the famous maker Antide Janvier, with whom he was apprenticed. Garnier died in 1869.