WALL CLOCK KUHSCHWANZPENDEL 1826 Austria
A so-called KUHSCHWANZPENDEL
The day-going, weight-driven birdcage movement of this wall clock has a going train with alarm. The going train has verge escapement with a short front pendulum (a so-called Kuhschwanzpendel – ‘ox-tail pendulum’).
The arched polychrome iron dial has a chapter ring with Roman hour and half-hour divisions. The corners are embellished by painted scroll motifs, whilst in the arch are the letters: HIS, surmounted by a cross, as well as the date of manufacture: 1826. The time is indicated by a fine single pierced brass hand, behind which is a brass Arabic alarm disc.
The movement is housed in an iron case. There are two doors to the sides, giving access to the movement. The case is surmounted by a bell, hidden by the arch.
Duration 24 hours
Height 19.5 cm
Width 13.5 cm
Depth 10 cm
IHS stand for the first three letters of the Greek name ΙΗΣΟYΣ (Jesus), which later became a Christian insignia. As it was not realised this was Greek, the following interpretations exist based on the Latin abbreviation IHS:
– Iesus Hominum Salvator (Jesus Saviour of men)
– Iesus Hortator Sanctorum (Jesus admonisher of saints)
– In Hoc Salus (In this is your salvation)
– Iesum habemus socium (We have Jesus as an ally)
Bernardino of Siena propagated the use of the insignia. Ignatius of Loyola used the IHS insignia in the sense of ‘In this Sign’ (you will conquer) in his seal as the first Jesuit general, which also led to its wider use.
– W.F.J. Hana, Middeneuropese Klokken, Bussum, 1972.