RELIGIEUSE Gaudron AParis Ca. 1670

M&R39

RELIGIEUSE
Signed: Gaudron AParis
Circa 1680
France

Movement
The spring-driven three-day movement of this religieuse has going and striking trains, driven by a single spring barrel. The going train has verge escapement with short pendulum between cycloid cheeks, whilst the striking train is regulated by a numbered count wheel and indicates the hours on a bell on top of the case. The backplate is signed Gaudron AParis.

Dial
The iron dial which is covered with black velvet has a gilt-brass chapter ring with Roman Numerals, half-hour, quarter-hour and Arabic minute divisions. Below is a gilt cast-brass signature cartouche: Gaudron AParis. This cartouche can be lifted up to reveal a hole through which the pendulum can be set going with having to open the back door. The time is indicated by a fine pair of pierced and engraved gilt brass hands.

Case
The partly tortoise-shell veneered case of this religieuse has an arched pediment behind which the bell is situated. The tortoise-shell veneer is embellished and accentuated by brass line inlays. There are glazed windows on both sides through which the movement is visible, whilst at the back there is a door giving access to the movement. The case has ebony mouldings all around and is surmounted by two flame finials on bases and has two suspensions eyes at the back.

Duration 48 hours

Height 48 cm
Width 31 cm
Depth 14 cm

Literature
Tardy, Dictionnaire des Horlogers Français, Paris, pp. 248/49.

The maker
The name Gaudron could refer to either Antoine or Pierre, but given the style of the case and the period it was made it is likely we have to do with Antoine, who was maître Faubourg St. Germain (1675), rue Dauphine ‘A la Perle’ (1695 – 1707).

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