RELIGIEUSE Jacques Hory AParis Ca. 1660 France
Signed: Jacques Hory AParis
The spring-driven three-day movement of this religieuse has going and striking trains, driven by a single spring barrel. The going train has verge escapement with short pendulum between cycloid cheeks, whilst the striking train is regulated by a numbered count wheel and indicates the hours fully on a bell on top of the case and the half hours by one stroke. The backplate is signed Jacques Hory AParis
The iron dial which is covered with red velvet has a gilt-brass chapter ring with Roman numerals, half-hour, quarter-hour and Arabic minute divisions. Below is a gilt cast-brass signature cartouche: Jacques Hory AParis. This cartouche can be lifted up to reveal a hole through which the pendulum can be set going whilst the clock is on the wall. The time is indicated by a fine pair of pierced and engraved gilt brass hands.
The ebonised pearwood-veneered walnut case of this religieuse has an elaborately pierced gilt cast brass pediment behind which the bell is situated. In this pediment two cherubs hold a coat of arms between them. There are glazed windows to the sides through which the movement is visible, whilst at the back there is a door giving access to the movement. The case has mouldings all around
Duration 2 days
Height 44 cm
Width 18,5 cm
Depth 12 cm
-Tardy, Dictionnaire des Horlogers Français, Paris, 191, p. 299.
-R. Plomp, Early French Pendulum Clocks, 1658-1700, Schiedam, 2009, p. 1, 20 and 43
-H.M. Vehmeyer, Clocks – Their Origin and Development 1320 – 1880, Gent, 2004, pp. 744-46, 796 and 972
Jacques Hory (also known as Ory, Ourri, or Orri) is on record in 1650 and 1658. He became maître Faubourg St-Jacques, St Marcel, in 1650 and was clockmaker to the court of Louis XIV from 1673 until 1690. He is one of the early makers of pendules religieuses.